Tag Archive | 28mm

English Civil War Firelocks in 28mm

Photo of Three painted Warlord Games firelock regiments

Reaching peak firelock

I decided to paint some firelocks for my 28mm English Civil War forces. The plan being to start painting armies with a small amount of figures. Also to create forces for The Pikeman’s Lament rules.

Firelocks were infantry armed with muskets with flint firing mechanism instead of the more common burning match. This made them much safer around combustible items like powder.  This may have been offset by the fondness for clay pipes in the 17th-century though!

I used the Warlord Games plastic firelock figures because I had gathered quite a lot of them. By the time I finished I probably had more firelocks than Charles I and Cromwell combined! I also made some baggage for them to guard.

Assembling and painting the firelocks

The figures are simple castings and fit together easily. Not the the most exciting of figures but they do the job well. I used spare hats from other Warlord Games plastics for this period for variety. For a sergeant for each company I used pieces from the command sprue and a pikeman body. Again from the English Civil War plastics range.

I use plastic figures because they are cheap and I don’t feel obliged to spend ages painting them! So an undercoat of Humbrol dark brown matt enamel was followed by acrylics. I use Citadel base colours and Vallejo Heavy Colours because they cover well. A varnish with Humbrol matt enamel varnish and job done. I based them on Renedra plastic bases and used my own mix of basing gunk.

I painted a red and a blue uniformed unit to represent the Oxford Army of 1643. The idea being to use these for the western battles.

The third unit was painted grey with some orange tawny hat bands to depict a generic Parliamentarian regiment.

Baggage to guard

Firelock guards are recorded as protecting vital stores like powder. So I made an ammunition cart and a water cart. I used 4Ground MDF models assembled with PVA glue, undercoated with Wilko spray undercoat and finished with acrylics.

The MDF models were easy to assemble although some parts are fragile. Breakages are easily fixed with a spot of PVA though! The only shortcoming is detail is only on one side of the parts. For example, where the inside of a wheel is visible the surface is plain. This shouldn’t put you off I think because it’s only visible on close inspection.


Plastic 28mm Persians 1 planning

Assembling the plastic Persian hordes

From chatting to a 28mm Early Achaemenid Persian army

Discussing the new version of the DBA ancients rules with a colleague led into how he’d always wanted a hoplite army. Given I’d always fancied wargaming the invasion of Greece by Xerxes in 480 BC before we knew it we are planning armies.

We agreed on larger figures simply because Tony was keen on them and plastic ranges make such an ambition affordable. I certainly wouldn’t have agreed to get a 25/28mm size Persian army in metal as with all the cavalry and hordes it would cost a small fortune!

Persian and Greek Wargames Factory boxes

Persian and Greek Wargames Factory boxes

Planning out the Persian host

Having settled on DBA I looked at the Early Achaemenid list. Double bases for the Immortals and sparabara infantry increased the body count but using light infantry instead of hordes reduced it. Well, reduced by a small amount! Once I had worked out what I needed I looked at the Wargames Factory range of Persians.

Happily they cover all the troop types I needed and I set about planning the figures I needed. I then got a bit too enthusiastic and decided only Big Battle DBA would do justice to the battles of 480-479 BC. Some thinking later and I produced the army and list of figures needed at the end of this post. The number of figures was slightly daunting but having more time at home because of a health problem meant I had time to assemble them.

In the course of thinking about the army I used the usual references for wargamers from Duncan Head’s book on the Persians to Field of Glory army lists. Plus this made a great excuse to buy Tom Holland’s new translation of Herodotus!

Checking figures against the army list

Checking figures against the army list

Recruiting the plastic Persians

Happily I found some boxes on eBay and then North Star Figures had a sale of Wargames Factory at the right moment. Even so I found after much sorting out and assembling of figures more were needed! Caliver Books provided my last recruits so it was just planning how to paint them.

All figures are multi-part so lots of sprues

All figures are multi-part so lots of sprues

Painting 28mm Persians

Whilst the Wargames Factory Persians are not the finest figures on the market they provide the basis for a good paint job. I realised if I did that painting my miniature Persians would take longer than the campaign lasted! So I decided to go for the good old block colours and brown varnish technique.

This is also known as “the dip” method as marketed by the Army Painter company. I use a similar approach of painting in the basic colours in almost toy soldier style. I let them dry completely and then apply a coat of Ronseal acrylic varnish with a brown stain in it. Using lighter colours than you usually would helps the varnish stain combination do its work. The stain varnish combination provides instant shading and looks ok on the gaming table. A bit crude for 28mm size figures perhaps but gets them on the table.

Big Battle DBA Early Achaemenid Persian army list

General and sub generals 3 bases of 3CV = 9 figures

Cavalry 3 bases of 3CV = 9 figures

Light Cavalry 3 bases of 2LH = 6 figures

Immortals 3 bases of 8BW = 24 figures

Sparabara infantry x bases of 8BW = 72 figures

Hillmen 3 bases of 3AX = 9 figures

Medising Hoplites 3 bases of 4SP = 12 figures

Light infantry 9 bases of 2PS = 18 figures

There is an option to replace the light infantry with hordes but that would be another 63 figures to make and paint…

Box of ancient Persian infantry with the lid off

Box of ancient Persian infantry with the lid off

Saga Ready Vikings

The warlord and his men

Saga louts ready for action

Having decided on the Saga rules and Gripping Beast plastic figures for tabletop Dark Ages fun the first force is complete!

My Viking horde is flexible for 4 and 6 point games. The compulsory warlord, six groups of hirdmen and two groups of warriors

The warlord and his hearthguard

The warlord and his hearthguard

Painting notes

For anyone interested in my painting approach I kept it simple. An undercoat of Humbrol Matt brown 98 To provide shadow and good surface for paint to key onto. Vallejo extra opaque and Citadel base colours are used to give a one coat finish. This meant colours had to reasonably work with the brown undercoat providing shading.

Metal was Citadel metallics with a black wash then highlights (chainmail, Nuln oil and Mithril silver respectively).

Finish was Humbrol satin varnish followed by Windsor and Newton Matt acrylic varnish.

Two groups of basic warriors

Two groups of basic warriors

Shields and flags were mainly ready made. I painted the shields on the two warrior units and used transfers from Battle Flag on the rest. Cutting out shield bosses was made easy by buying a 3mm diameter punch. Using the transfers was straightforward but do follow the instructions. Using a transfer softener and sealing with varnish is a must. Having a practice first is a good idea too!

Transfers, instructions and 3mm punch

Transfers, instructions and 3mm punch

Flags are from the figures instruction sheet and the transfer sheet. Cut out and then stuck together with diluted PVA.

Saga ready command with flag

Saga ready command with flag

Vikings join the Tufty Club

Bases are to match my old Standard Games boards. Simply Vallejo texture paint highlighted with various craft shop acrylics. Some Silfl0r tufts added with PVA to finish the bases.

Hirdmen ready for battle

Hirdmen ready for battle

Hedging my bets

In case I decide to use these figures with another rule set I made up some extras. I painted up some individually based command figures as an alternative to the group for Saga. I also made some standard bearers as a bit of extra bunting always can come in handy!

Warlord, entourage and banners on separate bases

Warlord, entourage and banners on separate bases


Plastic people for the American Civil War

I’m a Good Old Rebel

After some time I have finished my first batch of Perry Miniatures plastic American Civil War figures. I enjoyed making and painting these. I feel they got the balance between kit form and ready to go correct for when you want a lot of figures quickly.

Perry Miniatures plastic ACW Confederate  infantry

Perry Miniatures plastic ACW Confederate infantry marching

I finished the figures with my own version of the Army Painter’s dip. I have used Ronseal wood stain for years and brush it on for greater control. I only use it on figures where I have used mainly warm colours as the brown effect doesn’t work well on cooler colours like blues and greens. So Confederates in browns and warm greys are an ideal subject!

Flying the flag

I used the flags supplied with the figures. They are quite rigid even after applying pva glue but that made them hold their shape well when put on the figures and bent to shape. A quick brush around the edges tidied up any white paper showing and job done.

Firing line, with officer converted to sergeant

Firing line, with officer converted to sergeant

On to Richmond

It’s now a choice between some more Union figures or continuing with the plastic confederates. A pleasant choice to have! I expect I will return to this later in the Autumn.

Perry Miniatures plastic ACW Confederate command group with flags

Perry Miniatures plastic ACW Confederate command group with flags

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